Journey to the East: The Jesuit Mission to China, 1579–1724

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Harvard University Press, Jun 30, 2009 - History - 512 pages
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It was one of the great encounters of world history: highly educated European priests confronting Chinese culture for the first time in the modern era. This "journey to the East" is explored by Liam Brockey as he retraces the path of the Jesuit missionaries who sailed from Portugal to China, believing that, with little more than firm conviction and divine assistance, they could convert the Chinese to Christianity. Moving beyond the image of Jesuits as cultural emissaries, his book shows how these priests, in the first concerted European effort to engage with Chinese language and thought, translated Roman Catholicism into the Chinese cultural frame and eventually claimed two hundred thousand converts.

The first narrative history of the Jesuits' mission from 1579 until the proscription of Christianity in China in 1724, this study is also the first to use extensive documentation of the enterprise found in Lisbon and Rome. The peril of travel in the premodern world, the danger of entering a foreign land alone and unarmed, and the challenge of understanding a radically different culture result in episodes of high drama set against such backdrops as the imperial court of Peking, the villages of Shanxi Province, and the bustling cities of the Yangzi Delta region. Further scenes show how the Jesuits claimed conversions and molded their Christian communities into outposts of Baroque Catholicism in the vastness of China. In the retelling, this story reaches across continents and centuries to reveal the deep political, cultural, scientific, linguistic, and religious complexities of a true early engagement between East and West.

  

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Contents

An Uneasy Foothold
25
In the Shadow of Greatness
57
Witnesses to Armageddon
92
The Problem of Success
125
Between Tolerance and the Intolerable
164
Building the Church
205
In the Apostles Classroom
207
Learning the Language of Birds
243
A Good Method and Order
328
Brothers of Passion and Mercy
366
Conclusion
403
Bibliographic Note
423
Notes
427
Illustration Credits
479
Index
481
Copyright

The Business of Conversion
287

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About the author (2009)

Liam Matthew Brockey is Associate Professor of History, Michigan State University.

Bibliographic information