Herophilus: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria: Edition, Translation and Essays

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 20, 1989 - Medical - 666 pages
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Herophilus, a contemporary of Euclid, practiced medicine in Alexandria in the third century B.C., and seems to have been the first Western scientist to dissect the human body. He made especially impressive contributions to many branches of anatomy and also developed influential views on many other aspects of medicine. Von Staden assembles the fragmentary evidence concerning one of the more important scientists of ancient Greece. Part 1 of the book presents the Greek and Latin texts accompanied by English translation and interpretative commentary. Significant background information is given in the introductory essay preceding each chapter. Part 2 briefly sketches the major developments within the Herophilean school after Herophilus, and discusses the individual members within it. Anyone interested in the history of science, the history of medicine, or intellectual history will find this book a rich source of information about an unusual and important aspect of Greek culture.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION I
1
LIFE
35
WRITINGS
67
THE PARTS OF THE ART OF MEDICINE
89
THEORY OF METHOD AND CAUSE I 15
115
ANATOMY I 38
138
abdominal cavity
161
reproductive organs
165
T276T287
462
ANDREAS
472
CALLIANAX
478
CALLIMACHUS
480
BACCHIUS
484
XVZENO
501
DEMETRIUS OF APAMEA
506
HEOETOR
512

vascular anatomy
169
PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY
242
Control centre nerves
247
Respiration
259
Vascular physiology pulselore On Pulses
262
Male reproductive physiology spermatogenesis
288
Herophilus Midwifery gynaecology
296
Herophilus Against Common Opinions
299
General pathological evidence semiotics
301
Dream theory
306
Ti3oT226d
311
REGIMEN AND THERAPEUTICS
397
Gymnastics 2 Herophilus Regimen 3 Herophilus Therapeutics general evidence 4 Materia medica 5 Herophilus On Eyes
400
T22726o
406
HIPPOCRATIC EXEGESIS VARIA
427
T26iT275
432
THE HEROPHILEANS C 250 B C A D
443
HEROPHILUS AND THE HEROPHILEANS
445
MANTIAS
515
DIOSCURIDES PHACAS
519
CHRYSERMUS
523
ZEUXIS PHILALETHES?
529
ALEXANDER PHILALETHES
532
APOLLONIUS MYS
540
HERACLIDES OF ERYTHRAE
555
ARISTOXENUS
559
CYDIAS
564
GAIUS
566
DEMOSTHENES PHILALETHES
570
Appendix
579
Addenda
586
Bibliography
589
Index locorum
623
Index of Greek words
641
General index
651
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