Ethnoregional Conflict in Democracies: Mostly Ballots, Rarely Bullets
Most advanced industrial democracies have been successful in controlling ethnic political conflicts peacefully. This book examines ethnoregional conflicts in seven ethnoregions--in Scotland, Flanders, Wallonia, Brussels, Quebec, Northern Ireland, and the Basque region of Spain--to explain what mactors determine electoral support for ethnoregional parties, why in some cases electoral conflict has co-existed with ethnic violence, and why there appears to be an inverse relationship between electoral success and policy success among many ethnoregional parties. As ethnic conflicts--peaceful and violent--continue to rage around the world, this important new study merits the attention of scholars and students in comparative politics and ethnic studies.
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Ethnoregional Politics in Democracies
The Scottish National Party Ethnic Politics and Class Conflict
Belgium Ethnic Conflict and Elite Accommodation
The Parti Quebecois Electoral Success and Policy Failure in a Hybrid System
Northern Ireland Ethnic Violence in a Democracy
The Basque Country Ballots and Bullets in a Democratizing State
agenda Anglophones Basque nationalism Belgian Belgium Brussels campaign Canada Canadian Catholic centralized coalition commitment Conservative Party consociational system consociationalism constituency create cultural dealigned decline democracies devolution dominance Election Study electoral elites emergence ethnic conflict ethnic identities ethnic political ethnoregional conflict ethnoregional movements ethnoregional parties ethnoregional political Euskadi federal Flanders Flemish Franco Francophones groups ideological independence supporters industrial institutions Labour Party leadership linguistic maintain major parties Meech Lake Accord negotiations Northern Ireland occupational organizational organizations Parti Quebecois participation party system party's percent percentage policies policymaking political parties politicized post-industrial PQ's Protestant provincial Quebec Quebecois Quiet Revolution referendum reform regional autonomy role RW voters Scotland Scottish sectarian sector Sinn Fein SNP voters SNP's social and economic social mobility socialist socio-economic sovereignty sovereignty-association Spain Spanish stability strategy structure success support for independence traditional Union Unionist violence vote Wallonia Walloon workers