Anglo-Indian Attitudes: Mind of the Indian Civil Service

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A&C Black, 1993 - History - 292 pages
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In the years between the Indian Mutiny and Independence in 1947 the Indian Civil Service was the most powerful body of officials in the English-speaking world. 300,000,000 Indians, a sixth of the human race, were ruled by 1000 Civilians. With Whitehall 8000 miles away and the peasantry content with their decisions, they had the freedom to translate ideas into action. Anglo-lndian Attitudes explores the use they made of their power by examining the beliefs of two middle ranking Civilians. It shows, in great detail, how they put into practice values which they acquired from their parents, their teachers and contemporary currents of opinion.

F.L. Brayne and Sir Malcolm Darling reflected the two faces of British imperialism: the urge to assimilate and the desire for rapprochement. Brayne, a born-again Evangelical, despised Indian culture, thought individual Indians were sunk in sin and dedicated his career to making his peasant subjects industrious and thrifty. Darling, a cultivated humanist, despised his compatriots and thought that Indians were sensitive and imaginative.

Brayne and Darling personified two ideologies that pervaded the I.C.S. and shaped British rule in India. This book, which is based on two of the richest sets of personal papers left by I.C.S. officers, is both an important contribution to the history of British India and a telling commentary on contemporary values at home.
  

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Contents

Frank Brayne and the Gospel of Uplift
17
The Last Paternalist
45
Experiments with Uplift
61
Malcolm Darling and the Cult of Friendship
101
An Outsider in AngloIndia
147
Experiments with Friendship
165
The Punjab Commission
199
Notes 223
253
Index
287
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About the author (1993)

Clive Dewey's interest in the Anglican clergy grew out of research into the Indian Civil Service: the same families that sent their sons to India sent ordinands into the Church. He is the author of Anglo-Indian Attitudes: The Mind of the Indian Civil Service (Continuum, 2003).

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