Economic Institutional Change in Tokugawa Japan: Ōsaka and the Kinai Cotton Trade
Originally published in 1974, this volume deals with economic and social change in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Japan, by means of a case study of the cotton trade in Ōsaka and the surrounding Kinai region. The development of the Ōsaka cotton trade is studied to illustrate the growth of new kinds of commercial institutions to regularize trading patterns and the changing interaction between merchant groups and the Tokugawa bakufu. A picture is presented of the changing interaction between urban and rural merchants and the ability of cotton cultivating villages to organize and contest urban merchant and governmental attempts to limit their commercial activities. The result is a revised interpretation of the effective coercive powers of the Tokugawa bakufu with respect to socio-economic change. Evidence is offered to illustrate the ability of urban and rural traders to assert their own interests in opposition to Tokugawa efforts at economic controls.
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Establishment and Consolidation
Cotton Cultivating and Processing in the Kinai Region
Changes in Cotton Marketing in the Kinai Region
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Amagasaki authorized bakufu buyers by-employment choshi commodities competition cotton cloth cotton cultivation cotton futures markets cotton market cotton producing cotton shipping nakama cotton tonya nakama crops daimyo dried sardines economic efforts established exports fertilizer Fuse shishi ginned cotton Hirano-go increased Itami Izumi Japanese kabu nakama system Kansei reforms Kinai cotton trade Kinai region Kinsei Kinsei no shohin koku kokudaka kumi Kyoho reforms Kyoto licensing fees major marketing systems Meiji period membership merchant associations merchant groups momme silver monopoly rights monopsony nineteenth century Nishinomiya official Osaka cotton merchants Osaka cotton nakama Osaka cotton trade Osaka market Osaka merchants Osaka shishi percent production purchases rapeseed rice rural cotton rural merchants rural trade Sakai seed and ginned seed cotton Settsu and Kawachi seventeenth century shipments shogunate shogyo shohin ryutsu Tempo reforms tion Tokugawa bakufu Tokugawa period Torihiki soshiki Ujita house villages wataya nakama Yahei Yasuoka