Natives and Newcomers: Canada's "Heroic Age" Reconsidered

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, Jul 1, 1986 - History - 430 pages
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Natives and Newcomers discredits that myth. In a spirited and critical re-examination of relations between the French and the Iroquoian-speaking inhabitants of the St Lawrence lowlands, from the incursions of Jacques Cartier through the explorations of Samuel de Champlain and the Jesuit missions into the early years of the royal regime, Natives and Newcomers argues that native people have played a significant role in shaping the development of Canada. Trigger also shows that the largely ignored French traders and their employees established relations with native people that were indispensable for founding a viable European colony on the St Lawrence. The brisk narrative of this period is complemented by a detailed survey of the stereotypes about native people that have influenced the development of Canadian history and anthropology and by candid discussions of how historical, ethnographical, and archaeological approaches can and cannot be combined to produce a more rounded and accurate understanding of the past.
  

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Contents

History
3
Parkman and American
9
The Charlevoix Tradition
20
Nationalist Histories
29
Victorian Anthropology in Canada
39
Recent Trends
45
The Approach of the Europeans
111
Early European Contact
118
The Historical Petuns and Neutrals
221
The Killing Years
229
The Impact of Epidemics
242
Conversions and Factionalism
251
The Destruction of the Hurons
259
Iroquois Supremacy
273
The Saviour of New France
281
The Iroquois Missions
289

Traders and Colonizers
164
Trade and Warfare 16001615
172
The Nature of Indian Trade
183
European Traders
194
Missionaries
200
Heroes and Victims
297
Notes on Sources
345
References
357
Index
399
Copyright

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About the author (1986)

Bruce G. Trigger is James McGill Professor in the Department of Anthropology at McGill University. He received his PhD from Yale University and has carried out archaeological research in Egypt and the Sudan. His interests include the comparative study of early civilizations, the history of archaeology, and archaeological and anthropological theory. He has received various scholarly awards, including the prestigious Prix L on G rin from the Quebec government, for his sustained contributions to the social sciences. He is an honorary fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland and an honorary member of the Prehistoric Society (UK). His numerous books include the first edition of A History of Archaeological Thought (Cambridge 1989), The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas, Volume 1 (Cambridge 1996), co-edited with Wilcomb E. Washburn, and Understanding Early Civilizations (Cambridge 2003).

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