Contemporary Ijtihad: Limits and Controversies
The resurgence of Islam, geopolitical crises involving Muslim nations, violence associated with Islam and the immigration of millions of Muslims to Western countries have generated a strong interest in understanding Islamic law. The challenges of these new realities have impressed upon Muslims the need to rethink classical jurisprudence and a powerful contemporary ijtihad - the process of making a legal decision by independent interpretation of the legal sources - has unleashed a tremendous intellectual energy that is transforming legal systems across the Muslim world. This book explores the limits and controversies of this development in the context of the diverse needs of Muslim cultures and communities living in Muslim and non-Muslim nations and continents including Europe and North America.Key FeaturesExplains diverse bodies of Islamic law including fiqh, qanun and siyarSupplements Arabic terms from the Basic Code with English substitutesAnalyses the forces shaping contemporary ijtihadPresents a jurisprudential guide suitable for jurists, judges, national legislatures, and teachers and students and law and Islamic studies.
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ahadith Al-Ghazali Allah aman contracts Arabic Arabic language authentic Basic Code believe beneﬁts bidah caliph centuries Christians classical ﬁqh compatible concept conﬁned constitutional i/tihad contemporary i/tihad covenant culture customs dhimmi diverse divine texts established example external scholarship faith ﬁnance ﬁnancial ﬁnd Fiqh ﬁqh markets God’s Law grundnorm human rights Imam immutable inﬂuence institutions interpret the Basic Islamic constitution Islamic ﬁqh Islamic law Islamic positive law Islamophobia isnad izya jizya knowledge language legal methods legal systems legislation legislature living madhah Medina Muhammad Muslim communities Muslim emigrants Muslim jurists Muslim nations Muslim opiniojurists Muslim scholars Muslim Ummah Muslim world non-Muslim communities non-Muslim scholars normative numerous obligations ofﬁce ofﬁcial opinions political prohibited Prophet Prophet’s Sunnah protection qiyas Qur’an religion religious respect revealed rules of ﬁqh Sahih Bukhari Shariah Shia social source of Islamic speciﬁc submission principle taqlid tion tradition treaties Ummah universal verses Wahhabism Western zaleah