The Solemn Sentence of Death: Capital Punishment in Connecticut

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Univ of Massachusetts Press, Jan 1, 2011 - History - 318 pages
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The first case study of its kind, this book addresses a broad range of questions about the rationale for and application of judicial execution in Connecticut since the seventeenth century. In addition to identifying the 158 people who have been put to death for crimes during the state's history, Lawrence Goodheart analyzes their social status in terms of sex, race, class, religion, and ethnicity. He looks at the circumstances of the crimes, the weapons that were used, and the victims. He reconstructs the history of Connecticut's capital laws, its changing rituals of execution, and the growing debate over the legitimacy of the death penalty itself.

Although the focus is on the criminal justice system, the ethical values of New England culture form the larger context. Goodheart shows how a steady diminution in types of capital crimes, including witchcraft and sexual crimes, culminated in an emphasis on proportionate punishment during the Enlightenment and eventually led to a preference for imprisonment for all capital crimes except first-degree murder. Goodheart concludes by considering why Connecticut, despite its many statutory restrictions on capital punishment and lengthy appeals process, has been the only state in New England to have executed anyone since 1960.
  

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Contents

The Paradox of Capital Punishment
1
Biblical Retribution 16361699
7
The Emergence of Yankee Justice 17001772
38
The Era of Newgate Prison 17731827
69
The Debate Over Capital Punishment 18281879
100
The Menace of the Criminal Class 18801929
132
The Waning of Executions 19301960
165
An Unofficial Moratorium 19612004
196
The Execution of Michael Ross 2005
227
An Unworkable Death Penalty
249
Notes
253
Index
307
Back Cover
319
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About the author (2011)

Lawrence B. Goodheart is professor of history at the University of Connecticut, Hartford, and author of Mad Yankees: The Hartford Retreat for the Insane and Nineteenth-Century Psychiatry (University of Massachusetts Press, 2003).

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