Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity

Front Cover
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2005 - Religion - 746 pages
5 Reviews
This outstanding book provides an in-depth historical study of the place of Jesus in the religious life, beliefs, and worship of Christians from the beginnings of the Christian movement down to the late second century.

"Lord Jesus Christ" is a monumental work on earliest Christian devotion to Jesus, sure to replace Wilhelm Bousset's "Kyrios Christos" (1913) as the standard work on the subject. Larry Hurtado, widely respected for his previous contributions to the study of the New Testament and Christian origins, offers the best view to date of how the first Christians saw and reverenced Jesus as divine. In assembling this compelling picture, Hurtado draws on a wide body of ancient sources, from Scripture and the writings of such figures as Ignatius of Antioch and Justin to apocryphal texts such as the "Gospel of Thomas" and the "Gospel of Truth."

Hurtado considers such themes as early beliefs about Jesus' divine status and significance, but he also explores telling devotional practices of the time, including prayer and worship, the use of Jesus' name in exorcism, baptism and healing, ritual invocation of Jesus as "Lord," martyrdom, and lesser-known phenomena such as prayer postures and the curious scribal practice known today as the "nomina sacra."

The revealing portrait that emerges from Hurtado's comprehensive study yields definitive answers to questions like these: How important was this formative period to later Christian tradition? When did the divinization of Jesus first occur? Was early Christianity influenced by neighboring religions? How did the idea of Jesus' divinity change old views of God? And why did the powerful dynamics of early beliefs and practices encouragepeople to make the costly move of becoming a Christian?

Boasting an unprecedented breadth and depth of coverage -- the book speaks authoritatively on everything from early Christian history to themes in biblical studies to New Testament Christology -- Hurtado's "Lord Jesus Christ" is at once significant enough that a wide range of scholars will want to read it and accessible enough that general readers interested at all in Christian origins will also profit greatly from it.

  

What people are saying - Write a review

User ratings

5 stars
3
4 stars
1
3 stars
1
2 stars
0
1 star
0

intelligent, and sharp christian origins study

User Review  - david - Christianbook.com

here is an in depth study on several aspects of the origins of "christology". we have access to the Jesus of history through the writings of the christian movement from the decades and years after ... Read full review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

If there were any one book I would want to recommend on the nature of Jesus Christ as the Son of God, this would be the book. Hurtado's scholarship is unsurpassed, even while writing in a clear and straightforward manner. Those who are stuggling with attacks against Jesus as God, whether from other religions or from secular (or religious) scholars need to read this book thoroughly.
Please be sure to read the chapters about the Gospel of Thomas and other later books. His discussions will set these works in their proper place and give clarity to the questions about the reliability of what the New Testament teaches about Jesus Christ.
 

Contents

Forces and Factors
27
Jewish Monotheism
29
Was Jewish Religion Really Monotheistic?
32
The Nature of Jewish Monotheism
42
Monotheism in the New Testament
48
The Effects of Monotheism on ChristDevotion
50
Jesus
53
Religious Experience
64
Jesus asand the Name of God
381
The Name of Jesus
389
Subordination and Distinction
392
Jesus and the Spirit
396
The Spirit and Johannine Christianity
400
Christology and Controversy
402
The Christological Crisis in Johannine Christianity
408
The Christological Issue
416

Revelatory Experiences in the New Testament
70
The Religious Environment
74
Summary
77
Early Pauline Christianity
79
Key Personal Factors
86
Pauls Jewishness
87
Paul the Convert
93
The Gentile Mission
96
Christological Language and Themes
98
Jesus Divine Sonship
101
Jesus as Lord
108
Preexistence
118
Jesus Redemptive Death and Resurrection
126
Jesus as Example
133
Binitarian Worship
134
Early Origins
135
Worship
137
Binitarian
151
Summary
153
Judean Jewish Christianity
155
Pauline Evidence
156
Pauls Acquaintance with Judean Christianity
157
A Conspicuous Silence
165
Judean Christian Traditions in Pauls Letters
167
Judean ChristDevotion in Acts
177
Christological Categories
178
Devotional Practice
194
Hellenists and Hebrews
206
Hellenists as ProtoPaulinists
207
Hellenists as Jewish Christians
211
Summary
214
Q and Early Devotion to Jesus
217
Untenable Options
219
Kloppenborgs View of Qs Christology
222
Historical Plausibility
226
An Inductive Approach
233
Is Q Peculiar?
235
The Argument from Silence
239
Devotion to Jesus in Q
244
Centrality of Jesus
245
Qs Narrative World and Jesus
246
Jesus the Polarizing Issue
248
Christological Terms
250
Religious Life in Q
254
Summary
256
Jesus Books
259
Shared Features of the Canonical Gospels
262
The Literary Genre of the Canonical Gospels
270
The Gospels and Early Christian Literature
271
The Gospels and Jewish Literature
274
The RomanEra Literary Environment
277
The Synoptic Renditions of Jesus
283
Matthew
316
Luke
340
Summary
346
Crises and Christology in Johannine Christianity
349
Jesus in the Gospel of John
353
Some Literary Observations
354
Messiah and Son of God
358
Preexistence
364
I Am
370
The Son and the Father
373
Jesus asand the Glory of God
374
Jesus as Heavenly Visitor
419
Jesus as Mystical Exemplar
421
Historical Results
423
Crises and JesusDevotion
425
Other Early Jesus Books
427
Rumors
428
Secret Mark
433
Fragments
437
The Egerton Manuscript
440
Gospel of Peter
441
Infancy Gospels
447
Infancy Gospel of Thomas
449
Gospel of Thomas
452
A Jesus Book
454
Literary Character
455
Secret Knowledge
458
Revisionist
459
Elitist
461
Jesus and Thomistic Christianity
463
Summary and Placement
471
Gospel of Thomas and Gospel of John
474
Revelation Dialogues
479
Summary
483
The Second Century Importance and Tributaries
487
Christianity in the Second Century
488
Approach and Focus
492
Definitions
494
FirstCentury Tributaries
496
The Epistle to the Hebrews
497
Later Pauline Texts
504
Confluent Evidence
518
Radical Diversity
519
Valentinus and Valentinianism
523
Valentinianism in Irenaeus
525
Valentinian Innovations
528
Valentinian Piety
531
Nag Hammadi Texts
533
Gospel of Truth
539
Marcion
549
Summarizing Reflections
558
Protoorthodox Devotion
563
Finding Jesus in the Old Testament
564
The Fourfold Gospel
578
Visions and Revelations
588
Revelation
590
Ascension of Isaiah
595
Shepherd of Hermas
602
Worship and Prayer
605
Outsiders and Critics
606
Hymnody
609
Prayer
613
Martyrdom
619
The Nomina Sacra
625
Doctrinal Developments
627
Jesus Descent to Hades
628
Jesus Man and God
635
The Divine Jesus and God
640
Thereafter
649
Bibliography of Works Cited
655
Index of Modern Authors
703
Index of Subjects
715
Index of Ancient Sources
718
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page xviii - SBLDS Society of Biblical Literature Dissertation Series SBLEJL Society of Biblical Literature Early Judaism and its Literature SBLMS...
Page xix - WBC Word Biblical Commentary WMANT Wissenschaftliche Monographien zum Alten und Neuen Testament...

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2005)

Larry W. Hurtado is professor emeritus of New Testament language, literature, and theology at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Bibliographic information