Peru

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Oxfam, 2002 - History - 91 pages
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This profile provides a guide to the major recent economic, social, and political developments within Peru, viewed through the eyes of Peruvians themselves. John Crabtree emphasizes the depth of social divides in a country where more than half the population lives in poverty and without access to adequate employment. He analyzes the weakness of democratic institutions and the lack of political "voice" of the majority of men and women, while examining the background to the country's poor human rights record in recent years.

Peru is burdened with heavy foreign debts, and subject to IMF-designed adjustment policies. Exploitation of its tremendous resource wealth, including its gold, oil, and forests, has led, not to prosperity, but to depredation and environmental damage. Its climate and geology mean that Peru is also highly prone to natural disasters, and the chaos and poverty they engender. Nonetheless, Peruvians are resilient people. This book shows how, through a myriad of locally-based initiatives and institutions, they seek to forge a better future for themselves and their children. The book is richly illustrated throughout with original photographs.
  

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Page 57 - Soldiers wearing black ski masks, armed with heavy weapons. ..made his father lie on the ground... one kicked him while another hit him with the butt of a gun. He clung to his father and told the soldiers that his father was innocent, but the soldiers frightened him away with a cattle whip....
Page 25 - APBA was originally founded in Mexico in 1924 by Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, then in exile from Peru.
Page 62 - Though state schools do not charge fees, the quality of the education they provide is poor, and those who can afford it send their children to private schools or to schools run by the Catholic Church.
Page 7 - Nino ('boy child') phenomenon, named by the fishermen after the baby Jesus because the increase in sea temperatures is first noted around Christmas time.

About the author (2002)

John Crabtree is a freelance consultant, editor, writer, broadcaster and teacher on Latin American issues. He has lived and worked in Peru and Bolivia as a journalist and analyst, and is currently based in Oxford, UK.

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