Metropolitan Natures

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Stéphane Castonguay, Michèle Dagenais
University of Pittsburgh Press, 2011 - History - 321 pages
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One of the oldest metropolitan areas in North America, Montreal has evolved from a remote fur trading post in New France into an international center for services and technology. A city and an island located at the confluence of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence Rivers, it is uniquely situated to serve as an international port while also providing rail access to the Canadian interior. The historic capital of the Province of Canada, once Canada’s foremost metropolis, Montreal has a multifaceted cultural heritage drawn from European and North American influences. Thanks to its rich past, the city offers an ideal setting for the study of an evolving urban environment.
       Metropolitan Natures presents original histories of the diverse environments that constitue Montreal and it region. It explores the agricultural and industrial transformation of the metropolitan area, the interaction of city and hinterland, and the interplay of humans and nature. The fourteen chapters cover a wide range of issues, from landscape representations during the colonial era to urban encroachments on the Kahnawake Mohawk reservation on the south shore of the island, from the 1918–1920 Spanish flu epidemic and its ensuing human environmental modifications to the urban sprawl characteristic of North America during the postwar period.
      Situations that politicize the environment are discussed as well, including the economic and class dynamics of flood relief, highways built to facilitate recreational access for the middle class, power-generating facilities that invade pristine rural areas, and the elitist environmental hegemony of fox hunting. Additional chapters examine human attempts to control the urban environment through street planning, waterway construction, water supply, and sewerage.

 

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Chapter1
19
Chapter2
37
Chapter3
51
Chapter4
68
Chapter5
85
Chapter6
101
Chapter7
115
Chapter11
187
Chapter12
211
Chapter13
228
Chapter14
245
Conclusion
265
Notes
271
Contributors
313
Index
317

Chapter8
133
Chapter9
148
Chapter10
168
Back Flap
323
Back Cover
324
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Stéphane Castonguay is the Canada Research Chair in Environmental History at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières.

Michèle Dagenais is professor of history at Université de Montréal.

 

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