Catastrophic Injuries in Sports and Recreation: Causes and Prevention - A Canadian Study

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University of Toronto Press, Dec 27, 2008 - Medical - 592 pages
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Catastrophic Injuries in Sport and Recreation is an essential reference guide to safe participation in a wide variety of sports and recreational activities. A masterful achievement of methodology, it is the first complete epidemiological study and analysis of all catastrophic injuries in all sports and recreational activities that occurred within a large defined geographical area with a large population: ten million people within the province of Ontario between 1986 and 1995.

Concentrating on injuries that resulted in death or long term disability, the contributors identify both the personal risk factors for participants and the societal risk factors that are important causes for these kinds of injuries. Providing detailed analysis of 2154 case studies, the contributors demonstrate what went wrong in each event, and show how each injury could have been prevented.

Recommending specific prevention strategies for a wide range of injuries, Catastrophic Injuries in Sport and Recreation is a practical medical reference for athletes and doctors alike.

  

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Contents

Editors Acknowledgments
Contributors
SECTION 1Introduction and Overview
1 Description of the Study
Methods
The McLaren Report
Explanation of Calculations and Derived Values
References
31 Running and Jogging
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
SECTION 6Air Sports
32 Flying Small Aircraft

2 Overview of the Results of the Ontario Study 19861995
Age and Gender of the Injured Participants
Sports and Recreation Activities in Which the Injuries Occurred
Age of Injured Participants in Each Activity
Month of Injury
Injury Sites Terrain
Anatomical Locations and Types of Injuries
Supervision and Organizations Involved
Alcohol Consumption
Prevention
Relative Risks of Catastrophic Injury
General Principles
Principles of Injury Prevention
Study of Injury Prevention
Recognition of the Importance of Injury in Sports and Recreation
Challenges for the Prevention of Injuries in Sports and Recreation
Economic Burden of Sports and Recreation Injuries
Conclusions
References
4 Geographical Locations Where 2154 Catastrophic Sports and Recreation Injuries Were Sustained
Designation of the Geographical Location of the Injuries
Designation of the Terrain
Small Cities and Towns
Remote Geographical Locations
Northern versus SouthCentral Ontario
Catastrophic Injuries to Ontarians While in Other Provinces
Fatalities and Location
5 Anatomical Locations and Types of Ontarians Catastrophic Injuries
Drowning
Head Brain Injuries
Spine
Abdomen
Chest
Eyes
Limbs
SECTION 2Water Sports
6 Canoeing
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Severity of Injuries
Injury Prevention Tips
References
7 Sailing
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
8 Personal Watercraft
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Fatalities
Severity of Injuries
Injury Prevention Tips
References
9 Other Boating Activities
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
10 Fishing
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Other Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
11 Diving
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
Tips for Divers
References
12 ScubaDiving
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
13 Swimming
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
14 Waterskiing
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
15 Other Water SportsParasailing ParachuteSkiing Sailboarding SeaBiscuit Riding Surfing WaterTubing Water Polo Watersliding Water Play and Wi...
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Fatalities
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
SECTION 3Motor Sports
16 Snowmobiling
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
17 All Terrain Vehicle Riding
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
18 Motorbiking
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
19 DirtBiking OffRoad Motorcycling
Incidence and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
20 Other Motor SportsMopedding Motorcycling Minibiking TrailBiking Stock Car Driving GoCarting
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
SECTION 4Winter Sports
21 Ice Hockey
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
22 Ice Skating
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Severity of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
23 Alpine Skiing
Incidence of Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
24 Snowboarding
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
25 CrossCountry Skiing
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
26 Tobogganing and Sledding
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
27 Other Winter Sports Ringette Curling Boot Hockey Broomball
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
SECTION 5Bicycling and Other Street Activities
28 Bicycling
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
29 InLine Skating
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
30 Skateboarding
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
33 Other Air SportsUltralight Air Sports HangGliding Paragliding Gliding
Incidence of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
34 Parachuting
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
SECTION 7Field Sports
35 Baseball
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Prevention
References
36 Football
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
37 Soccer
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
38 Rugby
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
39 Other Field SportsTrack and Field Field Hockey Lacrosse
Lacrosse
Track and Field
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Prevention Tips
References
SECTION 8Racquet Sports
40 Badminton
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
41 Racquetball
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
42 Squash
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
43 Tennis
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
SECTION 9Equestrian Sports
44 Horseback Riding
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
SECTION 10Floor Sports
45 Basketball
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
References
46 Floor Hockey
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
47 Gymnastics
Incidence of Injury
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
48 Wrestling
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
Karate and Tae Kwon Do
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
50 Other Floor SportsWeightlifting Volleyball Handball Gym Boxing KickBoxing
Nature of Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk
Injury Prevention Tips
SECTION 11Playgrounds and Play
51 Playgrounds and PlayTree Climbing Slides Monkey Bars
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
SECTION 12Missile Sports and Recreational Activities
52 Hunting
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Severity of Injuries
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
53 War Games Paintball
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Severity of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
54 Air Guns
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
55 Other Missile Sports Darts Archery Target Practice Slingshot
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
SECTION 13Summer Sports
56 Golf
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention Tips
References
57 Ball Hockey
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
58 Camping and Hiking
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
References
59 Mountain Climbing
Incidence of Injuries
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Risk Factors
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
60 Other Summer SportsRoller Skating Walking Billiards Tree Climbing Kite Flying Steer Wrestling Fairgrounds
Nature and Acquisition of Injuries
Injury Prevention
Injury Prevention Tips
References
61 Conclusions
Gender and Age
Anatomical Locations and Types of Injuries
Injury Prevention Measures Must Be ActivitySpecific
Personal and Population Risks
Who Is Responsible for Injury Prevention?
Appendixes
Survey Questionnaire
Participation and Injury Rates Males Females and by Sport from the McLaren Report
Population of Ontario in 1986 1989 1992 and 1995
Index
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2008)

Charles H. Tator is a professor in the Department of Surgery at the University of Toronto.

Bibliographic information