Social Darwinism in American Thought
Social Darwinism in American Thought portrays the overall influence of Darwin on American social theory and the notable battle waged among thinkers over the implications of evolutionary theory for social thought and political action. Theorists such as Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner adopted the idea of the struggle for existence as justification for the evils as well as the benefits of laissez-faire modern industrial society. Others such as William James and John Dewey argued that human planning was needed to direct social development and improve upon the natural order. Hofstadter's classic study of the ramifications of Darwinism is a major analysis of the social philosophies that animated intellectual movements of the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - LibraryThing
Darwinism caused a serious stir in Europe but took a while to get traction in the United States. Part of the reason was Origin of the Species was published just before the American Civil War. After that was over and the United States attempted to return to normal life, the idea of darwinism took hold. It was largely accepted in scientific circles, but then moved to sociological circles. Social darwinism became a force in social theory in America. The initial battle was whether survival of the fittest could be applied to individuals and societies. The first trend was to use darwinism to justify the brutalities of industrialization. Sociologists suggests society allowed the best people to rise to the top, which meant that those at the bottom deserved to be there. The disruptions of the industrial revolution caused a general rejection of the idea of unrestricted competition in favor of a more stable and safe society. Social darwinists slowly transformed its applications to groups and societies. Stronger societies took control over weaker societies. Evidence of this could be seen in European dominance of native americans as well as the expansion of the American overseas empire. These were justified by the ideas of social darwinism. Hofstader views these applications of social darwinism as deeply flawed. The uses of darwinism reflected less on the sophistication of american thinkers than on the changing priorities of society. As laissez-faire became less accepted, the rugged individualistic competition advocated by early social darwinists was viewed as unacceptable, but its use in imperialism was still fine well into the twentieth century.
Review: Social Darwinism in American ThoughtUser Review - Goodreads
As a basic documentation of the way evolutionary thought is absorbed and adapted into American thought, it's a nice treatment. Definitely an intellectual history in the style of the time, though ...
THE COMING OF DARWINISM
THE VOGUE OF SPENCER
WILLIAM GRAHAM SUMNER SOCIAL DARWINIST
EVOLUTION ETHICS AND SOCIETY
7 THE CURRENT OF PRAGMATISM
JSTOR: Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915.
BOOK REVIEW Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915. By Richard Hofstadter. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1944. Pp. viii, 191. ...
Late 19th Century
Social Darwinism in American Thought. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1944; rev. ed. Boston: Beacon Press, 1955. ...
home.apu.edu/ ~blamkin/ late_19th_century.htm
ebscohost Connection: Social Darwinism in American Thought.
American Catholic Sociological Review: The article presents information on the book "Social Darwinism in American Thought," by R. Hofstadter. The book is...
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Richard Hofstadter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
109-124 JSTOR; Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1944); 1992 edition with preface by Eric ...
en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Richard_Hofstadter
Social Darwinism in American thought by Richard Hofstadter ...
All about Social Darwinism in American thought by Richard Hofstadter. librarything is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers.
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Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945
Richard Hofstadter's Social Darwinism in American Thought (1944) became the classic formulation of this view, although Hofstadter allowed for later ...
Gene Expression: Political fictions & Social Darwinism
The myth that he created social Darwinism is due to Douglas Hofstadter's 1944 book:Social Darwinism in American thought. [Boston: Beacon Press]. ...
scienceblogs.com/ gnxp/ 2008/ 04/ political_fictions.php
Richard Hofstadter: Biography and Much More from Answers.com
His first book, Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915 (1944), was an analysis of how American thinkers attempted to adapt Darwinist ideas to their ...
www.answers.com/ topic/ richard-hofstadter
Columbia American History Online
Richard Hofstadter's book Social Darwinism in American Thought (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1944), although outdated, is a classic text ...
caho-test.cc.columbia.edu/ pcp/ 14008.html
Social Darwinism - Biocrawler
Social Darwinism in American Thought. Boston: Beacon Press. . Dickens, Peter (2000). Social Darwinism: Linking Evolutionary Thought to Social Theory. ...
www.biocrawler.com/ encyclopedia/ Social_Darwinism