Pesticides in the diets of infants and children
National Academy Press, 1993 - Cooking - 386 pages
Many of the pesticides applied to food crops in this country are present in foods in trace amounts. Current regulations are intended to minimize the general population's exposure to these residues while ensuring an abundant and wholesome food supply. This book explores whether infants and children differ from adults in susceptibility and in dietary exposures to pesticide residues, and if so, whether present regulatory approaches adequately protect them. The book summarizes the current status of pesticide use, relevant data collection methods such as food consumption surveys, methods for toxicity testing, and federal pesticide regulation. Details the special characteristics of children--growth, development, metabolism--and analyzes toxicity information based on their exposure to pesticides.
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BACKGROUND AND APPROACH
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absorption acute toxicity adults age group age-related agricultural alachlor aldicarb animals apple atrazine average bananas benomyl body weight bw/day carbamate carcinogenesis carcinogenic cell chemicals chlorpyrifos cholinesterase chronic committee compounds concentrations consumed consumption data crops decrease dermal detected developmental toxicity diet dietary exposure Dimethoate distribution dose drugs estimates evaluation exposure to pesticides factors Food Consumption Survey function fungicides growth guidelines Health heptachlor immature increased individual infant formula infants and children ingestion insecticides juice laboratory malathion mature metabolism metabolites mice monitoring neonates neurotoxicity newborns NFCS organ organophosphate parathion Pediatr pesticide residues pharmacokinetics Pharmacol phenytoin plasma postnatal potatoes potential processing protein rats relatively reported residue data residue levels residues in food risk assessment samples sensitivity specific studies surface area susceptibility tion tissue tolerance toxic effects toxicity Toxicol Toxicology tumors U.S. Department U.S. Environmental Protection xenobiotic