Endosperm: Developmental and Molecular Biology (Google eBook)

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 12, 2007 - Science - 258 pages
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The nutritive endosperm of angiosperms is mankindís most important source of food, livestock feed and industrial raw material. This book is the first comprehensive overview of the developmental and molecular biology of endosperm. The text covers cereal endosperm development from fertilization to maturity, including molecular and cell biology of the syncytial phase, the cellularization process and cell fate specification of the embryo surrounding region cells, the basal transfer cells, the starchy endosperm and aleurone cells. In addition, endosperm development in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana is covered, along with recent progress in endosperm in vitro culture. Special features of endosperm, such as imprinting, polyploidy, programmed cell death and anthocyanin biosynthesis, are described in separate chapters. Finally, the genes and pathways for the main nutritional components of endosperm, storage proteins and starch are covered in detail. Each chapter is illustrated with figures and diagrams, accompanied by text intended for readers at all levels with a basic understanding of cell and molecular biology.
  

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Contents

The Developmental Biology of Cereal Endosperm
1
Endoreduplication and Programmed Cell Death in the Cereal Endosperm
21
Aleurone Cell Development
44
The Embryo Surrounding Region
57
Transfer Cells
73
Arabidopsis as a Model for Understanding the Basics of Endosperm Development
90
Endosperm Cell and Organ Culture
111
Anthocyanin Synthesis in Maize Aleurone Tissue
121
Protein Body Biogenesis in Cereal Endosperms
140
Formation Composition and Functions
159
Starch Formation in the Cereal Endosperm
179
The Structure and Expression of Cereal Storage Protein Genes
194
Genomic Imprinting in Arabidopsis thaliana and Zea mays
219
Subject Index
241
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