Sweet Liberty: The Final Days of Slavery in Martinique
From its founding, Martinique played an integral role in France's Atlantic empire. Established in the mid-seventeenth century as a colonial outpost against Spanish and English dominance in the Caribbean, the island was transformed by the increase in European demand for sugar, coffee, and indigo. Like other colonial subjects, Martinicans met the labor needs of cash-crop cultivation by establishing plantations worked by enslaved Africans and by adopting the rigidly hierarchical social structure that accompanied chattel slavery. After Haiti gained its independence in 1804, Martinique's economic importance to the French empire increased. At the same time, there arose questions, both in France and on the island, about the long-term viability of the plantation system, including debates about the ways colonists—especially enslaved Africans and free mixed-race individuals—fit into the French nation.
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Happy to Consider Itself an Ancient British Possession The British Occupation of Martinique
Your French and Loyal Hearts The First Decade of the Restoration
In the Colonies It Is Impossible That a White Would Align Himself with Slaves Shifts in Colonial Policy
To Ensure Equality Before Those Laws to Free Men Whatever Their Color Changing Ideas of French Citizenship
Amelioration of the White Race and The Sacred Rights of Property The End of Slavery in the French Atlantic