Contested Ethnic Identity: The Case of Macedonian Immigrants in Toronto, 1900-1996
During the twentieth century Macedonia had a very turbulent history. Essentially, the region became the apple of discord among the Balkan states. Ethnic identity formation among immigrants from Macedonia to Canada followed the political developments in the Balkans. This book illustrates the late emergence of an ethnic Macedonian community in Toronto and the roots of the clash between the Macedonian, Greek and Bulgarian ethnic communities. The author tackles a number of important questions: When did the Macedonian ethnic identity start in Canada? What was the ethnic affiliation of the first Macedonian immigrants' cultural organizations and churches in Toronto? Why did they use the Bulgarian language? Why do their first churches continue to be called Macedono-Bulgarian churches? Did all immigrants have one monolithic ethnic identity? The author relies upon three different types of literature: national identity development and theories; Balkan history; and ethnic studies of the Bulgarian, Macedonian and Greek settlements of Toronto. Oral interviews, conducted in Toronto by the author and other researchers, enhance this volume. The book sheds light on a much contested subject which continues to fuel debate from Skopje, Athens and Sofia to Toronto and Melbourne.
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Aegean Macedonia Albanians ancient Macedonians Balkan Bulgarian and Greek Bulgarian Canadians Bulgarian Communist Bulgarian community Bulgarian immigrants Bulgarian language Bulgarian national Bulgarian nationalists Bulgarskata emigraciya Census century churches in Toronto claimed Clement of Ohrid community in Toronto conflict cultural Cyril and Methody dialect donian ethnic Bulgarians ethnic communities ethnic group ethnic Macedonian ethnic nation FYROM garian Greece Greek Canadians Greek community Greek national Gurdev Hellenic Macedonian historians Ibid IMRO Irene Markoff Ivan Jim Karas Kondoff linguistic Mace Macedonian Canadian Macedonian diaspora Macedonian identity Macedonian immigrants Macedonian language Macedonian nation Macedonian Orthodox Church Macedonian Question Macedonians Organization Macedono-Bulgarian Orthodox Church Makedonija/Macedonia Makedonski MHSO Macedonian Collection national identity Ottoman Pan-Macedonian Association Pando Mladenov Pirin Macedonia Pirinsky political population region Republic of Macedonia Second World Serbian Serbs Skopje Slavic Slavophones Slavs Sofia Statistics Canada Sts Cyril Tito United Macedonians Vardar Macedonia Vasiliadis village Vrazinovski Yugoslav Yugoslavia