The Sabaite Heritage in the Orthodox Church from the Fifth Century to the Present

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Joseph Patrich
Peeters Publishers, 2001 - History - 463 pages
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St. Sabas (439-532 CE), was one of the principal leaders of Palestinian monasticism, that had flourished in the sixth century in the desert of Jerusalem. As an abbot he was the first in Palestine to formulate a monastic rule in writing, and his activity as an ecclesiastical leader bore upon the life of the entire Christian community in the Holy land. He and his monks were active in the theological disputes that affected the fate of the Christian Church of Palestine, and shaped it as a stronghold of Orthodoxy. But his activity has transcended his place and time. His largest monastery - the Great Laura (Mar saba), functioned from the sixth to the ninth century as the intellectual centre of the See of Jerusalem. The most distinguished among its authors were Cyril of Scythopolis, Leontius of Byzantium, John Moschus and Sophronius, Antiochus Monachos, John of Damascus, Cosmas the Hymnographer, Leontius of Damascus and Stephen Mansur. Their treatises on dogma, and prayer, shaped Orthodox theology, liturgy and hymnography in Palestine and beyond. This literary activity in Greek was complemented by scribal activity of copying and translating of Greek manuscripts into Arabic and Georgian. There was also original composition in Arabic by Theodore Abu Qurrah and others. Monastic life in Mar Saba, that continued under Muslim rule with only short intermissions, preserved the Sabaite tradition, and contributed to its reputation, parallel to that of Jerusalem. Sabaite monks were renown as paragons of monasticism and dogma, who had inspired monastic and ecclesiastical reformers in later centuries throughout the Orthodox world. Its fame spread far and wide, from Rome and North Africa in the west, to Serbia, Russia and Georgia in the east, affecting Christian dogma and liturgy therein. The thirty-one studies included in this volume, each written by an expert in his field, present the various facets of the Sabaite heritage in the Orthodox Church, from the sixth century to the present.
  

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Contents

The Case of Palestine
31
s Stefano Sabaita
49
A Spanish Source on MidNinthCentury Mar Saba and a Neglected Sabaite Martyr
63
Greek Orthodox and Latin Monasticism around Mar Saba under Crusader Rule
85
Mar Saba during the Mamluk and Ottoman Periods
111
The Role of Scripture in Cyril of Scythopolis Lives of the Monks of Palestine
127
History Hagiography and Religious Apologetics in Mar Saba
147
Literary and Scribal Activities at the Monastery of St Sabas
171
The Sabaite Monasteries and the Christological Controversies 478533
237
PseudoDionysius and Palestinian Origenism
261
The Role of the Judaean Desert Monasteries in the Monothelite Controversy in SeventhCentury
283
John of Damascus and the Making of the Byzantine Theological Synthesis
301
Art and Archaeology
317
The Evidence of a Bronze Oil Lamp From
347
Georgian Churches Dedicated to St Sabas the Purified
363
Sabaite Influences on the Church of Medieval Serbia
385

a Preliminary Notice
195
La formation et linfluence du Typikon liturgique de SaintSabas
209
Hymnographie et hymnographes sabaites
217

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

Bibliographic information