Jews in Poland-Lithuania in the Eighteenth Century: A Genealogy of Modernity

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University of California Press, Feb 10, 2004 - Business & Economics - 305 pages
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Missing from most accounts of the modern history of Jews in Europe is the experience of what was once the largest Jewish community in the world-an oversight that Gershon David Hundert corrects in this history of Eastern European Jews in the eighteenth century. The experience of eighteenth-century Jews in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth did not fit the pattern of integration and universalization-in short, of westernization-that historians tend to place at the origins of Jewish modernity. Hundert puts this experience, that of the majority of the Jewish people, at the center of his history. He focuses on the relations of Jews with the state and their role in the economy, and on more "internal" developments such as the popularization of the Kabbalah and the rise of Hasidism. Thus he describes the elements of Jewish experience that became the basis for a "core Jewish identity"-an identity that accompanied the majority of Jews into modernity.
  

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Contents

The Largest Jewish Community in the World
21
Economic Integration
32
The Polish Church and Jews Polish Jews and the Church
57
The Community
79
Was There a Communal Crisis in the Eighteenth Century?
99
The Popularization of Kabbalah
119
Mystic Ascetics and Religious Radicals
131
The Contexts of Hasidism
160
Hasidism a New Path
186
Jews and the Sejm
211
Afterword
233
Select Bibliography
241
Acknowledgments
269
Index
271
Copyright

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Page 19 - ... much influence that nothing can be bought or sold without the intervention of a Jew. Our never-failing informant was particularly struck with the number and usefulness of the Jews in Lithuania when he visited that part of the Polish Republic in 1781 — If you ask for an interpreter, they bring you a Jew; if you want posthorses, a Jew procures them and a Jew drives them ; if you wish to purchase, a Jew is your agent...
Page 19 - ... the number and usefulness of the Jews in Lithuania when he visited that part of the Polish Republic in 1781— If you ask for an interpreter, they bring you a Jew; if you want post-horses, a Jew procures them and a Jew drives them; if you wish to purchase, a Jew is your agent; and this perhaps is the only country in Europe where Jews cultivate the ground; in passing through Lithuania, we frequently saw them engaged in sowing, reaping, mowing, and other works of husbandry.
Page 7 - Israel says before the Holy One, Blessed Be He. 'Master of the Universe...

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About the author (2004)

Gershon David Hundert is Professor of Jewish Studies and History at McGill University. He is the author of The Jews in a Polish Private Town: The Case of Opatów in the Eighteenth Century (1992), the coauthor of The Jews in Poland and Russia: Bibliographical Essays (1984), and the editor of Jews in Early Modern Poland (1997) and Essential Papers on Hasidism: Origins to Present (1991).

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