Value Change in Global Perspective
University of Michigan Press, 1995 - Political Science - 193 pages
DIVIn this pioneering work, Paul R. Abramson and Ronald Inglehart show that the gradual shift
from Materialist values (such as the desire for economic and physical security) to Post-materialist values (such as the desire for freedom, self-expression, and the quality of life) is in all likelihood a global phenomenon. Value Change in Global Perspective analyzes over thirty years worth of national surveys in European countries and presents the most comprehensive and nuanced discussion of this shift to date. By paying special attention to the way generational replacement transforms values among mass publics, the authors are able to present a comprehensive analysis of the processes through which values change.
/divDIVIn addition, Value Change in Global Perspective analyzes the 1990-91 World Values Survey, conducted in forty societies representing over seventy percent of the world's population. These surveys cover an unprecedentedly broad range of the economic and political spectrum, with data from low-income countries (such as China, India, Mexico, and Nigeria), newly industrialized countries (such as South Korea) and former state-socialist countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This data adds significant new meaning to our understanding of attitude shifts throughout the world.
/divDIVValue Change in Global Perspective has been written to meet the needs of scholars and students alike. The use of percentage, percentage differences, and algebraic standardization procedures will make the results easy to understand and useful in courses in comparative politics and in public opinion.
/divDIVPaul R. Abramson is Professor of Political Science, Michigan State University. Ronald Inglehart is Professor of Political Science and Program Director, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
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2 Value Trends in Western Europe and the United States
3 ShortTerm Value Change in Western Europe
4 LongTerm Value Change in Western Europe
5 Education Security and Postmaterialism in Western Europe
6 The Future of Postmaterialism in Western Europe
7 The Structure of Values on Five Continents
8 Economic Security and Value Change on Five Continents
40 societies Abramson adult population analysis argue based baseline surveys beautiful cities become more Materialist Belarus Belgium birth cohorts Britain chapter cohorts born decades demonstrate Denmark Duch and Taylor economic growth eight Western European End of End estimate EuroBarometer European Community Surveys Fight against crime Fight rising prices four-item values index France Freedom of speech higher levels Ideas count increase in Postmaterialism inflation Inglehart 1990 Inglehart's theory Italy items Less impersonal society levels of Postmaterialism long-term Maintain order Maintain stable economy Materialist to Postmaterialist Materialist values Materialist/Postmaterialist values Netherlands Nigeria Northern Ireland number older cohorts PDI score percent percentage of Materialists Percentage of Postmaterialists period effects political Postmaterialist values Postmaterialists minus percentage relatively results sample say in government say on job score not presented South Korea Soviet Union Strong defense forces table thesis trend toward Postmaterialism unemployment value change West Germany Western Europe Western European societies World Values Survey younger cohorts