Afterimage: Film, Trauma And The Holocaust
The appearance of Alain Resnais' 1955 French documentary Night and Fog heralded the beginning of a new form of cinema, one that used the narrative techniques of modernism to provoke a new historical consciousness. Afterimage presents a theory of posttraumatic film based on the encounter between cinema and the Holocaust. Locating its origin in the vivid shock of wartime footage, Afterimage focuses on a group of crucial documentary and fiction films that were pivotal to the spread of this cinematic form across different nations and genres.
Joshua Hirsch explores the changes in documentary brought about by cinema verite, culminating in Shoah. He then turns to teh appearance of a fictional posttraumatic cinema, tracing its development through the vivid flashbacks in Resnais' Hiroshima, mon amour to the portrayal of pain and memory in Pawnbroker. He excavates a posttraumatic autobiography in three early films by the Hungarian Istvan Szabo. Finally, Hirsch examines the effects of postmodernism on posttraumatic cinema, looking at Schindler's List and a work about a different form of historical trauma, History and Memory, a videotape dealing with the internment of Japanese Americans during the Second World War.
Sweeping in its scope, Afterimage presents a new way of thinking about film and history, trauma and its representation.
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Introduction to Film Trauma and the Holocaust
Night and Fog and the Origins of Posttraumatic Cinema
Shoah and the Posttraumatic Documentary after Cinema Vérité
The Pawnbroker and the Posttraumatic Flashback
István Szabó and Posttraumatic Autobiography
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Alain Resnais amour archival footage argue atrocity Auschwitz autobiographical Budapest camera Caruth Cayrol chapter cinema verite classical flashback Claude Lanzmann commentary compilation film concentration camp consciousness cultural Death Camps deportation discourse of trauma Elie Wiesel experience extermination father fiction films film's filmmaker flash flashback formal French Freud gassing gaze genocide German ghetto Hiroshima historical documentary historical trauma History and Memory Holocaust Holocaust films Hungarian interview Istvan Szabo Jancsi Jean Cayrol Jewish Jews Kampf Lanzmann Love Film Marceline's modernist narration narrative Nazi Night and Fog past Pawnbroker photographs point of view postmodern posttraumatic cinema posttraumatic flashback posttraumatic memory present psychological PTSD reality reenactment remember represent representation Resnais's scene Schindler's List self-consciousness sequence Shoah shock shot significant Sol's Sophie's Sophie's Choice spectator Spielberg's Srebnik story survivors symptoms Szabo Tajiri's Tako's temporal tense testimony tion trans trilogy Turim University Press victims visual Wiener Wiesel witness York