OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies: Japan 2009 Large-Scale Floods and Earthquakes: Large-Scale Floods and Earthquakes
OECD Publishing, Mar 9, 2009 - 275 pages
Damages to economic assets resulting from natural disasters have soared in the past fifteen years, and climate change models forecast intensified exposure to extreme weather in many OECD countries. This OECD review of risk management policies focuses on Japan, because the geography, topography and climate of its national territory subject it to serious natural hazards, especially seismic activity and typhoons. The report looks at Japan’s policies in the areas of monitoring, preparing for and responding to floods and earthquakes, seeking out and identifying good practices and areas where improvements could be made. The case studies consider several issues of particular interest to policy makers, such as how to take climate change into account for long term policy planning related to large scale floods, and Japan’s unique earthquake insurance scheme for damages whose probability and impact are hard to accurately assess.
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activities actors Agency Arakawa River budget business continuity planning Cabinet Office Central Disaster Management central government city planning climate change communication coordination critical infrastructures d’action d’inondation d’une d’urgence devrait Disaster Management Council Disaster Prevention disaster risk management earthquake insurance earthquake risks economic emergency response être evacuation evaluation event flood disasters flood insurance flood risk management flood-fighting flood-prone areas Floods and Earthquakes gestion des catastrophes gestion des risques Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake hazard maps impact implementation improvement Infrastructure and Transport inondations integrated Japan Meteorological Agency Japanese Japon Kobe large-scale floods major earthquake Ministry of Land MLIT municipalities niveau OECD countries OECD Reviews Opportunities for action organisation population prefectures preparedness promote Recommendation reconstruction recovery regard renforcer responsabilités risk and vulnerability risk assessment Risk Management Policies River Bureau roles and responsibilities Saitama Prefecture sectors seismic retrofit seismic risks stakeholders strategies structurelles systematic Tokyo vulnérabilité vulnerability assessment zones