Protocol: How Control Exists After Decentralization

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MIT Press, 2004 - Computers - 260 pages
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Is the Internet a vast arena of unrestricted communication and freely exchanged information or a regulated, highly structured virtual bureaucracy? In Protocol, Alexander Galloway argues that the founding principle of the Net is control, not freedom, and that the controlling power lies in the technical protocols that make network connections (and disconnections) possible. He does this by treating the computer as a textual medium that is based on a technological language, code. Code, he argues, can be subject to the same kind of cultural and literary analysis as any natural language; computer languages have their own syntax, grammar, communities, and cultures. Instead of relying on established theoretical approaches, Galloway finds a new way to write about digital media, drawing on his backgrounds in computer programming and critical theory. "Discipline-hopping is a necessity when it comes to complicated socio-technical topics like protocol," he writes in the preface.

Galloway begins by examining the types of protocols that exist, including TCP/IP, DNS, and HTML. He then looks at examples of resistance and subversion—hackers, viruses, cyberfeminism, Internet art—which he views as emblematic of the larger transformations now taking place within digital culture. Written for a nontechnical audience, Protocol serves as a necessary counterpoint to the wildly utopian visions of the Net that were so widespread in earlier days.
  

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Contents

SERIES FOREWORD IX
PROTOCOL IS AS PROTOCOL DOES by Eugene Thacker xi
Introduction 2
Form 54
Institutionalization 118
Protocol Futures 145
Tactical Media 174
Internet Art 208
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 247
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RCCS: View Book Info
Protocol: How Control Exists after Decentralization Author: Alexander R. Galloway Publisher: Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004 Review Published: March 2005 ...
rccs.usfca.edu/ bookinfo.asp?ReviewID=307& BookID=260

"Protocol" cover
Alexander R. Galloway, Protocol: How Control Exists After Decentralization (MIT Press, 2004). Cover photograph: Audience (Barcelona, 1996) by Charles ...
cultureandcommunication.org/ galloway/ protocol/ cover.html

Protocol - The MIT Press
A critical analysis of the protocols that control the Internet and the resistance to them
mitpress.mit.edu/ protocol

Questioning Protocol
"Protocol: How Control Exists after Decentralization" by Alex Galloway is an excellent book for those who are interested in learning how the Internet works. ...
www.furthertxt.org/ protocol.html

Protocol: How control exists after decentalization
Protocol: How Control Exists after Decentralization. Alexander R. Galloway. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2004. 260 pp. $32.95. (ISBN: 0-262-07247-5) ...
doi.wiley.com/ 10.1002/ asi.20255

village voice > arts > Education Supplement: Spring 2004: This Is ...
His new book, Protocol: How Control Exists After Decentralization (MIT), asserts that, far from existing as a counter-hegemonic free-for-all, "the Internet ...
www.villagevoice.com/ issues/ 0415/ halter.php

Protocol
Galloway, Alexander R. Protocol. How Control Exists After Decentralization. MIT Press: Cambridge, 2004. Halter, Ed. 'This Is Freedom? ...
www.annehelmond.nl/ wordpress/ wp-content/ uploads/ 2006/ 12/ helmond_protocol.pdf

From discipline to control.
PROTOCOL: HOW CONTROL EXISTS AFTER DECENTRALIZATION. ... Alexander R. Galloway's Protocol: How Control Exists after Decentralization is an example of ...
www.entrepreneur.com/ tradejournals/ article/ 149159511.html

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Protocol : How Control Exists after Decentralization. Is the Internet a vast arena of unrestricted communication and freely exchanged information or a ...
www.nlc.gov.cn/ service/ others/ shukantuijie/ wenjian/ waiwenxinshu/ 200802NBIntro/ T195/ 2-2008%20TP393.08%20G174.htm

LOOKING FOR A COUNTER-PROTOCOL - INTERVIEW WITH ALEXANDER GALLOWAY
Radical Software Group · Carnivore Alexander Galloway, Protocol. How Control Exists After Decentralization, The MIT Press, April, 2004, 248 pp.
www.domenicoquaranta.net/ eng/ 05_galloway_eng.html

About the author (2004)

Alexander R. Galloway is Assistant Professor of Media Ecology at New York University.

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