PEACEMAKING AMONG PRIMATES

Front Cover
Harvard University Press, 1990 - Science - 294 pages
2 Reviews

Does biology condemn the human species to violence and war? Previous studies of animal behavior incline us to answer yes, but the message of this book is considerably more optimistic. Without denying our heritage of aggressive behavior, Frans de Waal describes powerful checks and balances in the makeup of our closest animal relatives, and in so doing he shows that to humans making peace is as natural as making war.

In this meticulously researched and absorbing account, we learn in detail how different types of simians cope with aggression, and how they make peace after fights. Chimpanzees, for instance, reconcile with a hug and a kiss, whereas rhesus monkeys groom the fur of former adversaries. By objectively examining the dynamics of primate social interactions, de Waal makes a convincing case that confrontation should not be viewed as a barrier to sociality but rather as an unavoidable element upon which social relationships can be built and strengthened through reconciliation.

The author examines five different species--chimpanzees, rhesus monkeys, stump-tailed monkeys, bonobos, and humans--and relates anecdotes, culled from exhaustive observations, that convey the intricacies and refinements of simian behavior. Each species utilizes its own unique peacemaking strategies. The bonobo, for example, is little known to science, and even less to the general public, but this rare ape maintains peace by means of sexual behavior divorced from reproductive functions; sex occurs in all possible combinations and positions whenever social tensions need to be resolved. "Make love, not war" could be the bonobo slogan.

De Waal's demonstration of reconciliation in both monkeys and apes strongly supports his thesis that forgiveness and peacemaking are widespread among nonhuman primates--an aspect of primate societies that should stimulate much needed work on human conflict resolution.

  

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Review: Peacemaking Among Primates

User Review  - Melissa - Goodreads

Learned more about primates than I ever thought possible but the Bonobos section was truly fascinating - provided some valuable insight into human nature. Read full review

Review: Peacemaking Among Primates

User Review  - Barry Behrstock - Goodreads

A interesting addition to the degree that reciprocal altruism and cooperation exist within the primate culture Read full review

Contents

Prologue
1
False Dichotomies
9
Chimpanzees
35
Rhesus Monkeys
89
StumpTailed Monkeys
143
Bonobos 111
171
Humans
229
Bibliography
273
Index
287
Copyright

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References to this book

The Political Psyche
Andrew Samuels
No preview available - 1993
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About the author (1990)

Frans de Waal is the C. H. Candler Professor of Primate Behavior at Emory University in Atlanta and the director of the Living Links Center at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center. His books include The Ape and the Sushi Master; Peacemaking among Primates; and Our Inner Ape.

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