Innovation and Knowledge Creation in an Open Economy: Canadian Industry and International Implications

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 3, 2003 - Business & Economics - 512 pages
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This study of innovation - its intensity, the sources used for knowledge creation, and its impacts - is based on a comprehensive survey of innovation of Canadian manufacturing firms. Attention is paid to the different actors in the system, who both compete with and complement one another. The study investigates how innovation regimes differ across size of firm and across industries. Owing to the high degree of foreign investment in Canada, special attention is paid to the performance of foreign-owned firms. The innovation regime of Canadian innovators is compared with results of studies of other industrialized countries. The picture of a typical innovator is a firm that combines internal resources and external contacts to develop a set of complementary strategies. The study finds that innovating firms depend not only on R&D, but also on ideas and technology from various other sources, both internal and external to the firm.
  

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Contents

ONE The Economics of Knowledge Creation
1
TWO The Innovation Survey
29
Intensity and Types
43
FOUR Sources of Innovations
63
FIVE Research and Development and Innovation
96
SIX Effects of Innovation
130
SEVEN Innovation and Research and Development in Small and Large Firms
156
EIGHT Innovation Regimes and Type of Innovation
185
ELEVEN Financing and the Cost of Innovation
322
TWELVE The Diffusion of Innovation
349
THIRTEEN Strategic Capabilities in Innovative Businesses
378
FOURTEEN Determinants of Innovation
397
FIFTEEN Summary
427
The Innovation and Advanced Technology Survey
455
References
491
Index
507

NINE The Use of Intellectual Property Rights
219
TEN Multinationals and the Canadian Innovation Process
265

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