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allied army Antwerp appear artillery assembled attack Austrian battalions battle Bergenopzoom besiege Bouchain Breda British Bruges Brussels campaign canal cavalry Charleroi Charles chaussee citadel columns command commenced Conde consequence considerable Courtrai defence Dender detached Duke of Lorraine Duke of Marlborough Dumourier Dunkirk Dutch Dyle Elector of Bavaria Emperor encamped enemy England entrenched Flanders flank Fleurus force fortifications fortresses France French army French troops front garrison Ghent guns Hanoverian Holland hundred infantry invested King William Lewis XIV Liege Lille Louvain Low Countries Maestricht Marshal Boufflers Marshal Luxembourg Marshal Saxe Mehaigne Menin ment Meuse miles Mons moved movement Namur Nieuport Nimeguen numbers occupied operations Ostend Oudenarde peace position Prince Eugene Prince of Orange provinces Prussian army Quatre-bras rear reinforced retreated river Sambre Scheldt siege Spain Spanish Netherlands squadrons surrendered taken possession thence thousand tion Tirlemont took possession Tournai town treaty Valenciennes village Villeroi whilst Ypres
Page 211 - First, by the allies having long failed to fur. nish their stipulated quotas towards carrying on the war, the burthen was unfairly thrown on England. Secondly, the object of the war itself had changed during its progress. In consequence of the death of the emperor, Joseph, and the election of his brother, the Archduke Charles, to be emperor, the consolidation of the Spanish monarchy with the empire had become as perilous to the balance of power in Europe, as the union of the crowns of France and...
Page 34 - Trenches, to contain the as- , sailants, had been excavated parallel to the works of the fortress to be attacked, from the earliest times. Vauban's improvement consisted in tracing, the approach or communication from the parallel, so that it should not be enfiladed, and which the Turks had done long before. Montececuli, in his Memoires, talking of the Turks, of whose military skill, as it existed in his time, he had very deservedly a high opinion, says, "II ne con...
Page 208 - Marlborough a most excellent system of tactics has been unquestionably introduced into the British army. Changes of front are made with rapidity and precision; columns are deployed, or the line formed into columns, with an accuracy and celerity formerly never even contemplated. It appears, however, open to discussion, whether, in the great and...
Page 35 - There is another article in the Turkish system of discipline relative to sieges, as quoted by Moatececuli, which, in a modified degree, might be \rithadvantage introduced into our service. Those who have witnessed the little labour performed by soldiers, the negligence, in general of, in other respects, good officers, when employed upon...
Page 66 - Companies of cadets were formed for the instruction of young men destined for the service. Companies of miners were now also for the first time regularly instructed and embodied.
Page 171 - Oh! Oh! Oh! et il n'a jamais rien admiré. » Ce n'est pas exact. Il a parlé de l'honnête Vauban avec une singulière ferveur. La formule : « Vauban devenait le débiteur particulier de quiconque avait obligé le public », est belle, comme aussi : « II a eu la gloire de ne laisser en mourant qu'une fortune médiocre. » Ce pessimiste reconnaît, en terminant l'éloge de Vauban, que « la vertu ne laisse pas de réussir quelquefois ». Il savait bien que le désintéressement et la recherche...
Page 57 - Holland; and, next year, went there again, as ambassador-extraordinary, to mediate for a general peace, which, after much delay, was brought about by the treaty of Nimeguen. It was at this period, too, that he took an important part in bringing about the marriage of the Prince of Orange with the Princess Mary, which had such vital consequences for Great Britain. " Up to this time the public life of Sir William Temple had been, on the whole, eminently successful. He had conducted negotiations of the...
Page 87 - Wirtemberg, or freely communicating with him or with each other ; and the cavalry of the allied army was by some mistake entangled and mixed with the infantry, amongst copsewood, where it was worse than useless.
Page 89 - Steenkirk (which has been described in the transactions of this year) is remarkable for being the last battle in Europe in which any bodies of infantry were armed with pikes. The matchlocks and the pikes were now generally superseded by the firelock and the bayonet.