The Komedie Stamboel: Popular Theater in Colonial Indonesia, 1891-1903
Originating in 1891 in the port city of Surabaya, the Komedie Stamboel, or Istanbul-style theater, toured colonial Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia by rail and steamship. The company performed musical versions of the Arabian Nights, European fairy tales and operas such as Sleeping Beauty and Aida, as well as Indian and Persian romances, Southeast Asian chronicles, true crime stories, and political allegories. The actors were primarily Eurasians, the original backers were Chinese, and audiences were made up of all races and classes. The Komedie Stamboel explores how this new hybrid theater pointed toward possibilities for the transformation of self in a colonial society and sparked debates on moral behavior and mixed-race politics. While audiences marveled at spectacles involving white-skinned actors, there were also racial frictions between actors and financiers, sexual scandals, fights among actors and patrons, bankruptcies, imprisonments, and a murder. Matthew Isaac Cohen's evocative social history situates the Komedie Stamboel in the culture of empire and in late nineteenth-century itinerant entertainment. He shows how the theater was used as a symbol of cross-ethnic integration in postcolonial Indonesia and as an emblem of Eurasian cultural accomplishment by Indische Nederlanders. A pioneering study of nineteenth-century Southeast Asian popular culture, The Komedie Stamboel gives a new picture of the region's arts and culture and explores the interplay of currents in global culture, theatrical innovation, and movement in colonial Indonesia. ABOUT THE AUTHOR---Matthew Isaac Cohen is senior lecturer in Drama and Theatre Studies at Royal Holloway University of London. His articles on Southeast Asian performance have appeared in New Theatre Quarterly, Asian Theatre Journal, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, and Archipel. As a practicing shadow puppeteer, he has performed in the United States, Europe, and Asia.
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Introduction POPULAR ENTERTAINMENT IN NINETEENTHCENTURY INDONESIA
1 SURABAYAS RESIDENT THEATER 1891
2 AN ITINERANT THEATER 189192
3 MAHIEUS MAGIC 1893
4 KOMEDIE JANBOEL 189498
5 AN INDISCHE THEATER 18981903
6 MAHIEUS LEGACY
actors actresses advertisements alun-alun Asian audience Baba Babah bangsawan Batavia beneﬁt Betawi Bintang Betawi Bintang Soerabaia Bintang-Barat Bogor Bondsblad Chinese opera Cirebon colonial comic company members company’s costumes Cramer cultural dance director Dutch entertainment Eurasian European February ﬁeld ﬁghts ﬁgure ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve Gemser guilders Hindia-Olanda Indische Nederlanders Indo Indonesia Indra Zanibar inﬂuence Jakarta Janitz Java Javanese July Kalff Kampung Kapasan theater king Knaap Komedie Stam Komedie Stamboel kroncong language living Locomotief Lombok magic Mahieu Malay Malay-language Mangga Besar Muslim Netherlands Indies newspaper night November October onstage Parsi Parsi theater Pasar Pembrita Betawi Pembrita-Bahroe Peranakan performance Permata play popular theater proﬁt repertoire schouwburg Selompret Melajoe Semarang signiﬁcant Sinar India Singapore Siti Snabilié social Soerabaiasch-Handelsblad Soerabaija-Courant spectators Sri Stamboel stage stambul stambul troupe story Surabaya Surakarta tableau vivant Tegal tent theatrical ticket tion Tjalie Robinson tour town Tuan Yap Gwan Thay Yogyakarta