Creating Societies: Immigrant Lives in Canada

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 2000 - History - 375 pages
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Dirk Hoerder shows us that it is not shining railroad tracks or statesmen in Ottawa that make up the story of Canada but rather individual stories of life and labour - Caribbean women who care for children born in Canada, lonely prairie homesteaders, miners in Alberta and British Columbia, women labouring in factories, Chinese and Japanese immigrants carving out new lives in the face of hostility. Hoerder examines these individual experiences in Creating Societies, the first systematic overview of the total Canadian immigrant experience. Using letters, travel accounts, diaries, memoirs, and reminiscences, he brings the immigrant's experiences to life. Their writings, often recorded for grandchildren, neighbours, and sometimes a larger public, show how immigrant lives were entwined with the emerging Canadian society. Hoerder presents an important new picture of the emerging Canadian identity, dispelling the Canadian myth of a dichotomy between national unity and ethnic diversity and emphasizing the long-standing interaction between the members of a different ethnic groups.
  

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Contents

Settings
5
Sources
15
Transitions
27
PART TWO THE MARITIMES AND THE ST LAWRENCE VALLEY
37
the Maritimes
39
FrenchCanadian Migrations
49
The Coming of the Irish
58
PART THREE URBAN LIFE FARMING AND LUMBERING IN CENTRAL CANADA
69
The Opening of the West
137
Homesteading and Bloc Farming
151
Storekeepers and Small Entrepreneurs
176
Building and Imagining Western Society
190
PACIFIC COAST
205
East and West Do Meet
218
PART SIX DISCRIMINATION AND EXCLUSION
237
The Depression Thirties and Discriminatory Forties
259

Immigrants in Montreal
71
Life on the Ontario Frontier
85
NorthwardBound to the Lumbering and Mining Frontier
96
The Labouring and Lower Middle Classes in Toronto
105
LABOURERS SETTLERS ENTREPRENEURS
119
Immigrant Crossroads at Winnipeg
121
FROM MANY
279
Multicultural Lives in Canada
295
Notes
309
Index
365
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Dirk Hoerder teaches in the Department of History at the University of Bremen in Germany.

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